In details

Alzheimer's disease



Dr. Alois Alzheimer: Early Studies of Disease in 1901

Introduction

Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative brain disease that affects almost half of people over the age of eighty-five and causes great social and economic damage.

Important informations

Although the exact cause of this disease is still unknown, it is already known that genetic predisposition is a very relevant factor.

Symptoms

Its symptoms include memory loss, restlessness and emotional uncontrollability. Some possible causes of this disease are changes in the brain due to inflammatory processes, the accumulation of neurotoxic proteins in the brain, among others.

In its onset the disease can manifest itself through mild personality changes. As the patient progresses, Alzheimer's disease no longer recognizes family members, becomes unable to perform simple everyday tasks, and ultimately needs help with everything (this is the last stage of disease).

Importance of early diagnosis

Because there is no cure for this disease, it is ideal that it is diagnosed early, so its symptoms can be controlled through palliative drugs that should be given during medical follow-up.

Treatment

Regarding drugs, it is known that some of them are very useful at the beginning of the disease, however, their dosage should be customized.

These drugs act as inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (an enzyme that destroys acetylcholine). Acetylcholine deficiency is already known to be an event that occurs in Alzheimer's disease.

PLEASE NOTE: The information on this page is only for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for guidance and proper treatment.