King Penguin: Feeding on Small Fish and Crustaceans
Information and main features:
- Penguin is a typical South Pole seabird, mainly from the Antarctic region. They are also found in the regions of Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Islands and Galapagos.
- They are adapted to live at very low temperatures (up to -50 ° C).
- They have a black and white coloration, and some species have details in yellow.
- These birds live on average from 25 to 32 years.
- Although they are birds, the Penguins do not have the ability to fly. Its wings are atrophied, having the function of fins.
- They are great swimmers, they can reach up to 40 kilometers per hour of speed. They spend most of their time in the water.
- Most species have daytime habits.
- The legs of these birds secrete a kind of oil, which serves as waterproofing against the cold.
- Penguin feeding is based on small fish and some species of crustaceans such as krill.
- The main predators of the Penguins are orcas, sharks and leopard seals.
- Reproduction of these birds varies by species. Some have a definite breeding season, while others breed year round.
- In most species, the male collaborates by storing (hatching) eggs and providing care for the young. They make nests in the rocks or in holes dug by them.
- Size varies by species and can reach up to 1.2 meters in height (case of Emperor Penguin). In the case of this species, they can weigh up to 30 pounds.