In details

Palatine Tonsils

Palatine tonsils: protection against bacterial invasion

What are Palatine Tonsils

Palatine tonsils (also known as pharyngeal tonsils), which are almond shaped, are formed by a mass of lymphoid tissue that covers the pharyngeal walls. Palatine tonsils are lymphocyte-like cells (white blood cell type) and are present in fibrous connective tissue, covered by a layer of epithelial tissue.


Lymphoid cells have the ability to make phagocytosis, so they help protect the pharynx from invading bacteria. Tonsils can undergo inflammation and infection processes called tonsillitis.

It is very common, especially in children, the tissues surrounding the tonsils to form pus during acute tonsillitis processes, especially when they have pathogenic bacteria (streptococci) as their causative agent. In these cases, the tonsils have whitish points.

When inflamed, the palatine tonsils, located at the top of the throat, become large and are called adenoids.


The surgical procedure for the removal of the palatine tonsils is called tonsillectomy.